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IV. USING HEALTHY PEOPLE 2000 OBJECTIVES*
TO IMPROVE YOUR COMMUNITY'S HEALTH

This chapter provides a select list of abbreviated Healthy People 2000 objectives in four targeted areas—community-based, school-based, worksite health promotion, and health care provider initiatives. (Healthy People 2000 priority/focus areas detailed on inside back cover.) Local healthy community coalitions are encouraged to pick and choose among the objectives to create a list of priorities that will lead to the shared vision of health.

*Source: USDHHS, PHS (1995). Healthy People 2000: Midcourse Review and 1995 Revisions.
Washington, DC.


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Healthy Community Focus: Community-based Initiatives

Healthy People 2000 National Objective Healthy People
2000 Target
1.11 Availability of physical activity and fitness facilities.

(a) Hiking, biking, and fitness trails
(b) Public swimming pools
(c) Acres of park and recreation

 

1 per 10,000 people
1 per 25,000 people
1 per 1,000 people open space
(250 people per acre)

2.16 Proportion of restaurants and institutional food services offering low-fat, low-calorie food choices. 90%
3.10 Establishment of tobacco-free environments and tobacco use prevention in all schools. 100%
3.12 State-enacted comprehensive laws on clean indoor air that prohibit or limit smoking to separately ventilated areas in the workplaceand enclosed public places. 50 States
3.13 State-enacted laws prohibiting sale and distribution of tobacco
products to youth younger than 18.
50 States
4.15 Driver's license suspension/revocation laws or programs of equal effectiveness for people determined to have been driving under the influence of intoxicants. 50 States
4.18 Legal blood alcohol concentration tolerance levels of .08 percent for motor vehicle drivers aged 21 and older and lower for those younger than age 21. 50 States
8.8 Proportion of people 65 and older who participated during the preceding year in at least one organized health promotion program through a community-based facility that serves older adults. 90%
9.2 Use of safety belts and child safety seats by motor vehicle occupants. 85%
9.13 Use of helmets by

(a) motorcyclists
(b) bicyclists

 

80%
50%

9.17 Functional smoke detectors on each habitable floor of all inhabited residential dwellings. 1 per floor
11.6 Proportion of homes in which homeowners/ occupants have tested for radon concentrations and found to have minimal risk or have been modified to reduce risk to health. 40%
11.9 Proportion of people who receive a supply of drinking water that meets the safe drinkingwater standards established by the Environmental Protection Agency. 85%
11.11 Testing for lead-based paint in homes built before l950.  50%
11.15 Establishment of curbside recycling programs and increase in household hazardous waste collection programs. 50%
7.17 Extension of coordinated, comprehensive violence prevention programs to local jurisdictions with populations over 100,000. 80%
12.3 Proportion of food preparers who refrain from leaving perishable food out of the refrigerator for over 2 hours and wash cutting boards and utensils with soap after contact with raw meat and poultry. 75%
13.9 Proportion of people served by community water systems providing optimal levels of fluoride. 75%

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Healthy Community Focus: School-based Initiatives

Healthy People 2000 National Objective Healthy People
2000 Target
1.8 Proportion of children and adolescents who participate in daily school physical education. 50%
2.17 Proportion of schools and child care food services with menus consistent with the
Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
90%
2.19 Schools providing nutrition education from preschool-12th grade, preferably as part ofcomprehensive school health education. 75%
3.10 Establishment of tobacco-free environments and tobacco use prevention in all schools. 100%
4.13 Provision to children in all primary and secondary schools educational programs on alcohol and other drugs. 50 States
7.16 Elementary and secondary schools that teach nonviolent conflict resolution skills. 50%
8.4 Elementary and secondary schools that provide planned and sequential
kindergarten-12th grade comprehensive school health education.
75%
13.12 Proportion of schoolchildren entering school who have received an oral health screening, referral, and followup for necessary diagnostic, preventive, and treatment services. 90%
13.16 Extension of requirement of the use of effective head, face, eye, and mouth protection to all organizations, agencies, and institutions sponsoring sporting and recreation events that pose risks or injury.
18.10 Proportion of schools that provide appropriate HIV and other STD educational curricula for students in 4th-12th grade, preferably as part of comprehensive school health education. 95%

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Healthy Community Focus: Worksite Health Promotion Initiatives

Healthy People 2000 National Objective Healthy People
2000 Target
1.10 Worksites offering employer-sponsored health promotion programs.
(a) 50-99 employees 
(b) 100-249 employees
(c) 250-749 employees
(d) more than 750 employees

20%
35%
50%
80%
2.20 Worksites with 50 or more employees that offer nutrition education and/or weight management programs for employees. 50%
3.11 Worksites with a formal smoking policy restricting or severely prohibiting smoking at the workplace. 100%
4.14 Adoption of alcohol and drug policies for the work environment to at least 60 percent of worksites with 50 or more employees. 60%
6.11 Worksites employing 50 or more people that provide programs to reduce employee stress. 40%
8.6 Workplaces with 50 or more employees that offer health promotion activities for their employees. 85%
10.6 Proportion of worksites with 50 or more employees that mandate employee use of occupant protection systems, such as seatbelts, during work-related motor vehicle travel. 95%
10.9 Hepatitis B immunization levels among occupationally exposed workers.  90%
10.13 State public health or labor department programs that provide consultation and assistance to small businesses to implementsafety and health programs for their employees. 50 States
15.16 Proportion of worksites with 50 or more employees that offer high blood pressure and/or cholesterol education programs and control activities to their employees. 50%

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Healthy Community Focus: Health Care Provider Initiatives

Healthy People 2000 National Objective Healthy People
2000 Target
6.13 Primary care providers who routinely review with patients their patients' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning and ability to deal with problems. 60%
8.12 Proportion of hospitals, health maintenance organizations, and large group practices that provide patient education programs and offer community health promotion programs addressing the priority needs of their communities. 90%
12.8 Proportion of people who receive useful informa-tion verbally and in writing for new prescriptions from prescribers or dispensers. 75%
15.13 Proportion of adults who have had their blood pressure measured within the preceding 2 years and can state whether their blood pressure was normal or high. 90%
15.14 Proportion of adults who have had their blood cholesterol checked in the preceding 5 years. 75%
16.10 Proportion of primary care providers who routinely counsel patients about tobacco use cessation, diet modification, and cancer screening recommendations. 75%
16.11 Women aged 50 and older who have received a clinical breast examination and a mammogram within the preceding 1-2 years. 60%
17.23 Proportion of people with diabetes who have an annual dilated eye exam. 70%
18.8 Proportion of HIV-infected people who know their serostatus. 80%
19.14 Proportion of primary care providers and mental health care providers who provide appropriate counseling on the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.  75%

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